Bali West National Park Location
It is situated in west side of Bali Island and close to Gilimanuk Port or about 4 hours drive away from Bali's International Airport. Some of the Bali West National Park Area located in Grokgak sub district, Singaraja Regency and some of the area located in Melaya Sub district, Jembrana Regency. It is very easy to locate it from Denpasar direction to follow the main road go to Gilimanuk Port or Singaraja town to Gilimanuk Port.
Bali West National Park Generally
According to Republic Indonesia Forestry Minister decision written on the official letter no 493/Kpts-II/1995 that Bali West National Park own 19.002,89 ha which is consisted of 15.587,89 ha land and 3.415 ha ocean. The conservation effort toward the ecosystem at this park goes to three objective activities as follows:
- To protect the ecosystem those support the life
- Pickling the variety of flora and fauna including the habitat
- Exploiting everlastingly the nature resources including the ecosystem
Bali West National Park area is a green are spread out along the main road Denpasar – Gilimanuk – Singaraja about 150 kilometers. Topographic of this park own constant gradation between mount, hill, valley, bay and sea. The mountain area is involving up to 71% from the total park area as protected forest with multifarious faunas like deer, forest pig, lion, birth etc. meanwhile the flat area is about 29% located in north part of main road Gilimanuk – Singaraja until Java Sea.
If we look from the conception, this area is a Giri/Gunung or mounts which is completed by the forest (Wanagiri). According to Kidung Utama Tantri script there is a word mention Ning Wana Ukir which gives the direction that the Wana Giri philosophy is well written to describe the total of this world.
Flora and Fauna
Bali West National Park own high potential of flora and fauna those are consisted of 14 variety of protected floras involving Sawo Kecik (Manilkara Kauki), Sono Keling (Dalbergia Latifolia). From the fauna, Jalak Bali Birth (Leucopsar Rothscildi) is one of the endemic fauna in Bali Island there are pure habitat found in this park along to Prapat Agung and surrounding area. Other faunas can be found at this park involving cow, deer, mouse deer, venison, wild cat, grey and black monkeys. Beside of the above animals, a couple of reptiles and other 60 rash of births also can be found. The condition of coral reef at this park is highly varied with unique combination and multifarious of habitats. In year 1998, it was recorded 110 kinds of coral including 22 mushroom corals and up to now, it was recorded that this park own 222 kinds of fish.
What to do?
Bali National Park is managed base on zone involving main zone, forest zone and exploitation zone. The main zone is absolutely protected and not allowed to change by the human activities except the research purpose. Forest Zone is the protector for Main Zone and able to do the activities like in Main Zone and limited tourism activities. Exploitation Zone able to do the activities like both zones, build the nature tourism facilities and other facilities to support the conservation. The following activities can be done by visitors when visiting this park as follows:
- Nature Tourism like jungle trekking, diving, snorkeling, camping, bird watching, etc.
- Nature Educational
- Religion activities especially for Hindu people due to there are 2 Hindu Temple existing in this park
The forest area in west part of Bali has been appointed as Nature Park and then famous called by Bali West National Park based on the decision of kings throughout Bali on 13 August 1947 No. E. 1/4/5. This reason is purposing to protect the Fauna and the beauty of nature which is useful for education and cultures. Since it is appointed as animal asylum in year 1947 until 1970, the management if this park is done by Government Forestry Affair and then on 12 March 1970 the new Nature Protection Affair was founded to continue and manages this park. According to the legend from the local community Jaya Prana and Layon Sari which is very famous history among the Balinese and it is frequently connected to this park area. In this area, we can also find the old grave to remind the tragic history from Jaya Prana (a young Balinese man) killed by the high serve empire in order to get his girl friend Layon Sari as a wife of king.
As a tourist destination, we can find easily the tourist facilities at Bali National Park like hotels, restaurants, trekking track, birth watching, parking area and others. Since it is appointed as a tourist destination in Bali, many tourists from domestic and foreign countries visits this park and most of them takes Bali West Tour Packages that visit many other places of interest in west part of Bali.
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