Balinese Community Living in Social Organization System – Bali Information
Balinese Community is a group of people who living in social organization system. This community are the major population in Bali Island who are living throughout the island. The majority of them are Hindu meanwhile the others are Muslim, Catholic, Christian and Buddhist. The strongest of Balinese people are living in one strong organization taking from the small group organization until high level of governmental. In addition, one of the images of the Balinese unique is collectively strong oneness among Balinese and there are seven things wrapped the Balinese to be a strong community.
Balinese Community with 7 Identity and Tenacity of Cultures
They have 7 identity and tenacity of culture as follows:
- Most of them bound by Hindu Religion as a pioneer of religion in Indonesia.
- They are bound with some of praying place (Pura)
- Balinese people bound by family system.
- The peoples are bound by the community surrounding them like Banjar or Desa Pekraman
- Group of people are also bound by race system which get inheritance from the ancestor hereditary
- Some of Balinese farmers are bound with Traditional Irrigation System which is called Subak.
- Balinese is also bound by Indonesia Government System.
Balinese Life and Structure
Generally, the Balinese Community System is oriented by two structures (Social Traditional Structure and Social Formal Structure). The Social Traditional Structure has started from long story before Hindu era until now. Meanwhile, the Social Formal Structure is bound of the Balinese integrity into Republic Indonesia since 17 August 1945 . The most familiar Balinese life concept is called ‘Tri Hita Karana’. They believe that this concept will bring them into prosperous with three angle points those are includes to keep the good balance between human and environment, human and human the last one human and god.
Banjar / Dusun
Banjar is a group of social Balinese community with specific band of area, activities and social life. The purpose of Banjar is to hold each other in line with the social activities such as wedding ceremony, people death, take a part of refurbishment of temple, road, cleanliness of the area, security protection and do all the activities together in economic, social and ritual field. The Banjar is lead by Klian Banjar. Meanwhile, the amount of the Banjar’s member is around 30 – 150 family leaders.
Subak is a social-economic organization to organize the irrigation system in Bali. Furthermore, the member of Subak is coming from the owner of the rice field. Meanwhile, the focus activities of Subak is around the irrigation of the rice field. Beside of that, Subak also has the economic activities with some religious activities in Pura Subak. In addition, there are about 1300 Subak Organization in Bali with structure organization of Subak Tempekan and Subak Gede. Subak it self is lead by ‘Pekaseh’. He/she organize and arrange the water irrigation system, irrigation maintenance, to schedule the rice plantation as well as the cleaning of insect program.
Sekaa is a group of social Balinese community to conduct the special event as well as inclined voluntary bases. The Sekaa is built based on the same propose, norm as well as activities. Moreover, there are a lot of Sekaa that effect to all aspect Balinese life from the security, social, environment, religion, economic, art etc. The most of Sekaa in Bali is more glow in Art Sekaa and based on survey is about 1500 organization.
It is a fundamental of Balinese solidarity used on the day life of Balinese based on reciprocity as well as togetherness. Meanwhile, Gotong Royong is forming to help each other and free social activities. It is a powerful movement of Bali development in particular the village or place to stay. Each of work is done by togetherness in particular to community work such as cleanliness area, ceremony even build a house.